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spanish grammar pdf

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804 0 obj <>stream What this course will do is enable you to use the language accurately in the majority of situations and will certainly give a thorough grounding in basic Spanish grammar.

6 Example infinitive g fi jo coger (to pick, take) cojo escoger (to choose) escojo proteger (to protect) protejo dirigir (to manage) dirijo exigir (to demand) exijo 2. h��Z}tUՕ?�#�{���� �@��{|�o�I�P����'i|$yHŖ�b0��PY�`%��Ɛ2�¨8���̳`�h���5�6tɀ]��������{��7�Zf-��s��޿�ۿ�/�"��r���'�đx����vU�����s�0wXʔwl^�O�!5��w��謷�/�'ڨ�=R���(�5�ܩ. Stem-Changing Verbs The following verbs are irregular in the stem when conjugated, except* in the nosotros and vosotros forms. 6 0 obj Bl���+�p��"=�e�'�m%)�ɶT��aPZ�R�T,dдN�F�1j]�M)sjB1�M�Ȝj�M%QY2.��HI$�(X� ��hx4�� ��86*�7潺�m�ʖv��ɧj$ ��#�yx��N����zE�U_��RW�V���\Q���S��� ���|�e���H>�T�r9�R��I�SS+���mF�^�4+�&�Y%1I

1.1 The Spanish alphabet 3 1.2 Diphthongs 6 1.3 Syllabification 6 1.4 Sinalefa 7 1.5 The written stress accent 7 1.6 Punctuation 9 1.7 Capital letters 10 2 Gender and gender agreements 11 2.1 Masculine and feminine 11 2.2 Plural 11 2.3 General rules for gender 12 2.4 Words which are both masculine and feminine 12 2.5 Nouns which vary in gender 12 �%/�,Kri):�]%��%�̦�:�2���౅�4>�Jǡ �xTL*&��GAƳ0H9�$6�i6�go��]���� �L,GF�����2S4���:+�6�S�q5W�߸rk>�����j ������)EI��%f��&7/U�0Im*^~��$Ý崻��NnR�LJ��JP�(�Zy�A��U�B���P�R�J�Jb�"�����("��Abb��8D4K��0Q1bb�]H�I��)w=�^�HCA�Uf�$T�%�E31 z�*��Xuՙi �Y5��������`` ��@x#�K.� � ��~S@�:k��$$�A�lq�A��@HLY HpE �� �#���p��������d9�'�3D�0 ��

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I@$��D stream a grammar book such as Modern Spanish Grammar (Kattán-Ibarra and Pountain) also published by Routledge, for a full explanation. The sixteen-lesson book must, obviously, crowd several grammatical themes into one chapter. 0 XE�ɕY��i)���M�yU��ݭ}����^W{% ��Bp�����\Wk ����n��!I��6��$���δ+s=ynG�˒�4g'[. ������z�} UvC�Y�ZO/HX��D�N�0�|6M�MT�.S.`��,EG��ҋ9f�ЭS��b}E�@;��'�������{v� �Swcsjb������d(x�����L���il2E�H��yj�P��8L��cP��4.��"��d�p&E�ej�,1��ĢX�F,j����̷�K �*���Ňh����u91�s�ަ�JMR���2ʒ�r�ZĔ�\:�M�+�|�L,������9|F(i�L"���#�$4��FQ1AF�1�x6�JB!�(�B���F�x��η������i ���� �o����@`v�\UT�r�b�S%M7k�:��M0�z)פj$\����e��L3Q�c'2B������"#bc��8lB,&.���@DE��b�cbc"��>�c

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2 0 obj SPANISH GRAMMAR CHEAT SHEET IMPERATIVO TO BE When: If you want to say: I walk, you walk, he walks, we walk, they walk When: Continuos actions in the past >> I walked, I was walking, I used to walk, while I walked PRESENTE GERUNDIO When: What is happening right now >> I´m walking, you are walking, he is walking, we are walking, they are walking h�b```�g�� ce`a�X���`y��)������;_2�a������p���}N�S�m&S��l`�;�����'�---�}����-��̯n6������ �oxs��s�*��c�I�FՊ%���m��[���`��Lqc�u��q�K\�N�|��”�ݷ���$X2���� �,�����<9��:�K{��v\ӏ�^�}ޤ��!XI\ {EGG�8�j``H�@��ry�� f0���y��`@�5YB*����P!&�P� �A!K ��d@Õ7���@,�~�Y�&Jn�.6:0��N�f����s`9�y�%�{4�\u�Z���gU����Z�˜� {m&e[ ���@Z��I��UP11�~p ҦL�u�� ���

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