| What's New |  In Lady in the Navy, Joy Bright Hancock described Underwood as intelligent, enthusiastic, and good humored, and serious of purpose. At the time girls just didn't join the WAVES or go into the military. On January 2, 1942, the Bureau of Naval Personnel, in an about-face, recommended to Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox that Congress be asked to authorize a women's organization. It's a tribute to all the military branches, and our reserves. As the war machine grew bigger, the demand for navy WAVES was higher than initially anticipated. Despite the limited wartime intention for the WAVES they had a lasting effect on the. In May 1942, the U.S. Congress authorized the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC), but chose not to install it as a branch of the.  The wartime prohibition of women serving in any unit having a combat mission was carried over into the 1948 Act. She said, "Advertising must appeal to conservative parents, schools, and churches as well as to the young women themselves." , On May 25, 1942, the Senate Naval Affairs Committee recommended to the president that the legislation to create a women's reserve for the U.S. Navy should parallel that of the original WAAC legislation, which decreed that women would serve with the Army rather than in it. Initially, the U.S. Navy provided the training of officer candidates for the WAVES, SPARS, and Marine Corps Women's Reserve, but then in June and July 1943, the Coast Guard and the Marine Corps decided to operate their own training schools. It soon became clear that these arrangements were unsuitable for recruit training, because of dispersed training facilities, inexperienced instructors, and the lack of esprit de corps. When Did Women Gain Permanent Status in the U.S Armed Forces? Aware that 1944 was an election year, Forrestal tried to compromise by offering segregated living quarters and mess facilities, but Roosevelt decided to hold it up until after the election on November 7. Navy WAVE Recruiting Poster from World War 2. In May 1941, Representative Edith Nourse Rogers of Massachusetts introduced a bill in the U.S. Congress to establish a Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC). Enlisted women served in jobs from clerical to parachute riggers. The summer uniform was similar to the winter uniform but lighter in weight, made of white material, and worn with white shoes. On February 8, 1943, the college was commissioned the U.S. The purpose of the law was to release officers and men for sea duty and replace them with women in shore establishments. Ebbert and Hall provide an example where "...two husky enlisted men reasoned that if the women sent to replace them could not do the job, then the men could keep those jobs and avoid being sent to sea.  At the time, it was not clear whether the demobilization meant phasing the women out of the military services altogether. Most enlisted members received recruit training at Hunter College, in the Bronx, New York City. I was fascinated by the ships which are making history in every battle. I didn't have any brothers, and I thought that's something I can do, one way I can make a contribution.  She was later promoted to the rank of captain. This time the Navy was not only preparing to accept enlisted women into service, like they had done for World War I, but also had female officers to supervise them. She quickly formed the Women's Advisory Council to meet with Navy officials.
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