"), The flavour has been described as nutty and slightly meaty, with a smooth, creamy texture, and a distinctive aroma reminiscent of sourdough.  The English penny bun refers to its rounded brownish shape. Fresh mushrooms consist of over 80% moisture, although reported values tend to differ somewhat as moisture content can be affected by environmental temperature and relative humidity during growth and storage.  Porcini can also be frozen—either raw or first cooked in butter. , B. edulis is considered one of the safest wild mushrooms to pick for the table, as few poisonous species closely resemble it, and those that do may be easily distinguished by careful examination.  In autumn, the price of porcini in the Northern Hemisphere typically ranges between $20 and $80 per kilogram, although in New York in 1997 the scarcity of fruit bodies elevated the wholesale price to more than $200 per kilogram. Boletus edulis (English: cep, penny bun, porcino or porcini) is a basidiomycete fungus, and the type species of the genus Boletus.Widely distributed in the Northern Hemisphere across Europe, Asia, and …  Porcini risotto is a traditional Italian autumn dish. macrostipitatus. Cap chestnut to dark … For other uses, see, Edible species of fungus in the family Boletaceae, widely distributed in the Northern Hemisphere, Stem shape can range from club-shaped to centrally bulbous, Smith, Sally; Read, David. , After the fall of the Iron Curtain and the economic and political barriers that followed, central and eastern European countries with local mushroom harvesting traditions, such as Albania, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia and Slovenia, developed into exporters of porcini, concentrating primarily on the Italian market. Boletus edulis (English: cep, penny bun, porcino or porcini) is a basidiomycete fungus, and the type species of the genus Boletus. In France, it is more fully cèpe de Bordeaux, derived from the Gascon cep "trunk" for its fat stalk, ultimately from the Latin cippus "stake". Yellow cap flesh blues & often tastes acidic. In contrast to B. edulis, B. rex-veris tends to fruit in clusters, and, as its common name suggests, appears in the spring. Being a Bolete, this type of mushroom has pores, not gills, underneath the cap. , Three divergent lineages found in Yunnan province in China that are commonly marketed and sold as B. edulis (and are actually more closely related to B. aereus) were described in 2013 as B. bainiugan, B. meiweiniuganjun and B. The mushroom is low in fat and digestible carbohydrates, and high in protein, vitamins, minerals and dietary fibre. Smells fruity but tastes bitter. My specimen meets all of the criteria for badius – yet it does not bruise. Russian names : Polskiy grib, Mokhovik kashtanovyy, Korichnevyy grib, Panskiy grib. . This is a large bolete with bay-brown cap and lemon-yellow pores bruises distinctively bluish green.  Caution should be exercised when collecting specimens from potentially polluted or contaminated sites, as several studies have shown that the fruit bodies can bioaccumulate toxic heavy metals like mercury, cadmium, caesium and polonium. Found in W. Va. or the Central Appalachians, Cap Texture is: 2- Viscid, Sticky, Slimy or Slick, FILTER SET #5: CAP FLESH (CONTEXT) FEATURES, My Mushroom is Mature & Its Pores are Tiny, Primary Cap Color is: 3- Red, Pink, Purple, or Orange, Primary Cap Color is: 4- Some Shade of Brown, Primary Pore Color is: 2 - Yellow to Gold, Primary Stem Color is: 3- Red, Pink, Purple, or Orange, Primary Stem Color is: 4- Some Shade of Brown, Primary Cap Color is: 1- White, Buff, or Light Gray, Primary Cap Color is: 2- Yellow to Orange, Primary Cap Color is: 5- Black, Dark Brown, or Dark Gray, Cap Texture is: 3- Wrinkled, Pitted or Corrugated, Cap Texture is: 4- Cracked Beyond Environmental Effects, Primary Pore Color is: 1- White, Buff, or Light Gray, Primary Pore Color is: 2 – Yellow to Gold, Primary Pore Color is: 3 – Red, Pink, Purple or Orange, Primary Pore Color is: 4 – Some Shade of Brown, Primary Pore Color is: 5 – Black, Dark Brown, or Dark Gray, My Mushroom is Mature & Its Pores are Huge, Primary Stem Color is: 1- White, Buff, or Light Gray, Primary Stem Color is: 2- Yellow to Orange, Primary Stem Color is: 5- Black, Dark Brown, or Dark Gray, Stem: 2- Is Viscid, Sticky, Slimy or Slick, Stem: 7- Is Notably Dotted and/or Spotted, 1. Name in North American Boletes: Boletus badius AND Boletus badius var.  It is often confused with the very bitter and unpalatable Tylopilus felleus, but can be distinguished by the reticulation on the stalk; in porcini, it is a whitish, net-like pattern on a brownish stalk, whereas it is a dark pattern on white in the latter. In California, porcini have been collected in a variety of forests, such as coastal forests, dry interior oak forests and savannas and interior high-elevation montane mixed forests, to an altitude of 3,500 m (11,500 ft).  Compatible hosts may belong to multiple families of vascular plants that are widely distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere; according to one 1995 estimate, there are at least 30 host plant species distributed over more than 15 genera. Other Information: Oft-wrinkled stem colored like cap. , Boletus edulis mushrooms are 9% carbohydrates, 3% fat, and 7% protein (table).
), spruce (Picea spp.  The most similar poisonous mushroom may be the devil's bolete (Rubroboletus satanas), which has a similar shape, but has a red stem and stains blue on bruising.
 B. edulis has pleurocystidia (cystidia located on the face of a pore) that are thin-walled, roughly spindle-shaped to ventricose, and measure 30–45 by 7–10 µm; the "stuffed" feature of the hymenium is caused by cheilocystidia—cells found on the edges of the pores.  They are used in soups and consumed blanched in salads in Thailand. The European distribution extends north to Scandinavia and south to southern Italy and Morocco. macrostipitatus Common Name: “Bay Bolete” Tells: Bay-brown cap, often flat or convex. A 1987 revision of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature set the starting date at May 1, 1753, the date of publication of Linnaeus' work, the Species Plantarum.
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